Simon Peter, a bondservant and apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who have obtained like precious faith with us by the righteousness of … (2.) on StudyLight.org says: “But all the loathing which attached to these outcasts of the brute creation did not suffice to portray the defilement of these teachers of lies and their apostate lives. For this purpose he quotes two ancient proverbs, the first of which is found as the saying of Solomon in Proverbs 26:11. ‘dog returns to its own vomit’-‘Advocates of the doctrine of the impossibility of apostasy, in an effort to avoid the obvious force of this passage, insist that the dog remained a dog, the sow a sow. ", "Instead of being sheep, they were pigs and dogs ...", "Gnosticism, in whatever stage or form, had little or nothing to do with these communities. 26:11 ) . Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. [Note: See McGee, 5:741-44, for his "parable of the prodigal pig."] But it is not probable that Irenæus knew our Epistle. changed and altered. But it is happened unto them, according to the true proverb, &c.] Which is true, both in fact and in the application of it, and which lies in the Scriptures of truth, at least the first part of it, ( Proverbs 26:11) . That is a way of unrighteousness into which men are led by the wages of unrighteousness. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Pigs return to filth that they find outside themselves, even though their handlers may clean them up occasionally. The institution of slavery was one of the greatest blots on ancient civilisation. Dogs return to corruption that comes from within them: vomit. 1 But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction. But. For their point is, that the nature of the creatures was not changed, but that each, after a temporary separation, returned to the impurity which was according to its nature. Remember that though the false teaching we may have to face today might be different in its specific expression, all false teachers commonly deny biblical authority in some way and often promote aberrational eschatological and ethical views. 2 Peter 2:22. : “the content of the true proverb” has been “verified,” or “realised” in their case. (2:3, 10, 13, 14, 15, 18) 3. Journal for the Study of the New Testament30 (June1987):95.]. This final impassioned plea to grow in Christian maturity (2Pe 1:5, 6, 7, 3:18) and guard against false teachers was precipitated by the fact that [Peter’s] time was short (2Peter 1:13, 14, 15) and that these congregations faced immediate danger (2Peter 2:1, 2, 3). Home » Bible Commentaries » 2 Peter. Proud member One writer argued that, "Gnosticism, in whatever stage or form, had little or nothing to do with these communities." N.T. Infants desire milk, and make the best endeavours for it which they are able … 22.But it has happened unto them. (Proverbs 26:11). He was not Matthew 7:6; Proverbs 26:11). 4. p. 141). “For in the same way as gold when plunged in mire does not lay aside its beauty, but preserves its own nature, the mire having no power to injure the gold, so they say that they, no matter what kind of material actions they may be involved in, cannot suffer any harm, nor lose their spiritual essence.” (chap. ", To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb -, The dog is turned to his own vomit again -, But it is happened unto them, according to the true proverb, There hath happened to them that of the true proverb, ὥσπερ κύων ὅταν ἐπέλθῃ ἐπὶ τὸν ἑαυτοῦ ἔμετον καὶ μισητὸς γένηται, οὕτως ἄφρων τῇ ἑαυτοῦ κακίᾳ ἀναστρέψας ἐπὶ τὴν ἑαυτοῦ ἁμαρτίαν. (ryzx) , from the root If he is right, 2 Pet. 1 Peter 2:1, ESV: "So put away all malice and all deceit and hypocrisy and envy and all slander." ], "Instead of being sheep, they were pigs and dogs ..." [Note: Wiersbe, 2:460.]. In what ways do people today abuse their freedom? Bigg suggests (ed., p. 228) that the Proverbs of Solomon had been unified by some Jewish paraphrast, and this one of the pig added to the canonical collection. When they are able to “bring in destructive heresies” (2 Pet. There has happened unto them that of the true proverb. Peter quoted Proverbs in his first letter (2 Pet. Acta Thomae, 53. Cf. 22.Proverb—These fitting illustrations (Proverbs 26:11) of the brutish sensuality and disgusting moral filthiness into which these apostates had sunk, close the horrible description. Verses 1-8. (1) Introducing a letter from Peter, to believers. In 2:1, what exactly does “destructive heresies” and “sudden destruction” mean? it again: so such apostates return to what they were before, to &c.] Which is true, both in fact and in the application of But I do not wish to focus on what is unclear about our text, but what is becoming increasingly clear. 2 Peter 2:22, ESV: "What the true proverb says has happened to them: “The dog returns to its own vomit, and the sow, after washing herself, returns to wallow in the mire.”" We believe that 1 Peter was his first letter to thesereaders. People will mock the promise of Christ’s return (2 Pe 3:4). There have always been false proph… The thought is perhaps of the scavenger dog which, when it can find no other food, returns to the remains over which it has previously vomited, or even to its own vomit lying in the road, for what nourishment it contains. What has simply happened is what the old proverb said, they have reverted to nature. ", [Note: Michael Desjardins, "The Portrayal of the Dissidents in2Peter and Jude: Does It Tell Us More About the "Godly" Than the "Ungodly"?" Simon Peter, a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ, Peter was pleased to be able to write those words. what an awful thing it must be, in a church, calling itself Christian, to be under the direction of false teachers. may have discovered the original proverb in the following, appearing in some texts of Aḥiḳar. 2. ‘The dog which has got rid of the corruption inside through vomiting it up cannot leave well alone; it goes sniffing around the vomit again. vi. Practice betrays nature. The returning of such dogs to their own vomit was something that had disgusted men through the ages as Proverbs 26:11 brings out. The dried mud protects the skin from the rays. Usener, p. 21). that was cannot be charged with the use of the two rare words, and . But it is quite possible that both proverbs come from popular tradition, and not from Scripture at all. Пр. Facts about false teachers. defiling; and also the just characters of these apostates, who 2 Peter 2:1-22 ~ Danger of False Teachers ~ Discussion Questions 1. 2 Peter 2 – The Rise and Fall of False Teachers A. Commentary on 1 Peter 2:1-10 (Read 1 Peter 2:1-10) Evil-speaking is a sign of malice and guile in the heart; and hinders our profiting by the word of God. 2 Peter 2:22 - It has happened to them according to the true proverb, 'A dog returns to its own vomit ,' and, 'A sow, after washing, returns to wallowing in the mire.' Peter tells us in the past, “there were also false prophets among the people” and sadly “there will be false teachers among you” (2 Pet. ‘It has happened to them according to the true proverb’-‘the content of the true proverb has been “verified or realized” in their case’ (Gr. Precious Lord Jesus! “ The sure foundation of God “has not given way. The word for “vomit” here is possibly formed by the writer himself; that for “wallowing” is also a rare word. lxvii.) Submitted by admin on Mon, 2010-10-25 13:34. They have gone into a wrong way: they have erred and strayed from the way of life, and gone over into the path which leads to death, and takes hold of hell; and this he makes out by showing it to be the way of Balaam, the son of Bosor. As having the same import, however, they are dealt with as if they made but one. To distinguish it from Peter’s first epistle, it was given the Greek title “Petrou B,” or 2 Peter. mire, and dirt, than which nothing is more abominable and The first proverb is found in Proverbs 26:11. 2 Peter 2:1 - But false prophets also arose among the people, just as there will also be false teachers among you, who will secretly introduce destructive heresies, even denying the Master who bought them, bringing swift destruction upon themselves. Legend., ed. Christianity, as represented in the New Testament, never says a word to condemn it, but Christianity has killed it. ), and then returns to the mud; but that having once bathed in filth it never ceases to delight in it. irreclaimable and irrecoverable state and condition, it being Rather than rebuking the devil directly, Michael appealed to the Lord to rebuke him and the devil fled so that Michael could complete the burial (Thomas Schreiner, The New American Commentary, 1, 2, Peter, Jude [Broadman Publishers], pp. Compare, however, the comparison of a ‘fair woman without discretion’ to a ‘jewel of gold in a swine’s snout’ (Proverbs 11:22), and our Lord’s word, ‘neither cast ye your pearls before swine’ (Matthew 7:6). 2 Peter 2:11 Many manuscripts beings in the presence of; 2 Peter 2:13 Some manuscripts in their love feasts; 2 Peter 2:15 Greek Bosor; 2 Peter 2:22 Prov. 2:2a). Then they seduce others who have in like manner 'for a little time escaped from them that live in error' (2 Peter 2:18). My soul! proverb, gives an entirely different rendering, “dog” being the only word in common to the two Greek versions. These wretched men were never what they professed to be. Greek. WM. He will watch over them for good. Peter"s statement about the false teachers in this verse is his most derogatory of them, and it brings his warning to avoid these heretics to its climax. washed to her wallowing in the mire; Dr. Kenneth Gangel offers a summary of the reasons Peter wrote his second letter. 238–39). Likewise, it was proper to wash the sow after her mire and then for her to stay away from the place of filth. Biblical Commentary (Bible Study) 2 Peter 1:16-21 EXEGESIS: THE BROADER CONTEXT: This book began by ascribing authorship to “Simon Peter, a servant and apostle of Jesus Christ” (1:1)—and the author claiming to be an eyewitness to Christ’s majesty, by which he meant Jesus’ Transfiguration (1:16-19). for grace, in the midst of a crooked and perverse generation, to brave every opposition of men; and faithfully, fully, and unceasingly to proclaim the Lord our Righteousness. But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb: The dog is turned to his own vomit again: The sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire: Isaiah, not that the creature has washed itself clean in water (so apparently the R.V. In part that is because of the issue that drives them — it’s about authority, credibility, and trust. Lord! and, A sow having washed herself, to wallowing in the mire. A new life needs suitable food. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. 2 Peter 1 – The Sure Christian Life A. The word ‘vomit’ occurs only here. 2 Peter 1:1. (1) The presence and work of false teachers. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Alarming as II Peter 2:1-3 is, Peter does not define heresy, but he does tell what one heresy is and will be.He also does not tell us here what the source of heresy is either. This, however, is to force the meaning of , which is consistently used of washing with water. The term occurs only here, and the same is the case with that for ‘mire.’ This second proverb has no definite parallel in the Old Testament, and is taken, therefore, from the mouth of the people. 2 PETER 2 PETER 1:1-14 NEXT 2:1-22 2nd Pt.1:1 Simon Peter, a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ,— Peter had heard and answered God’s call. According to the Epistle itself, it was composed by the Apostle Peter, an eyewitness to Jesus' ministry. If, however, the Book of Proverbs be the source of the quotation, it is worth while noting that no less than four times in as many chapters does St. Peter recall passages from the Proverbs in the First Epistle (1 Peter 1:7; 1 Peter 2:17; 1 Peter 4:8; 1 Peter 4:18). Again, the point of the proverb is to illustrate to . The LXX. In 3:1, he referred to this letter ashis ‘second letter’. 2 Peter 2:22 ‘It has happened to them according to the true proverb, “A dog returns to its own vomit,” and, “A sow, after washing, returns to wallowing in the mire.”. To the priests of Egypt, too, swine’s flesh was the most hateful of all meats. If they do they will duplicate the saying in verse12where men are shown to act like the "brute beasts that were made to be taken and destroyed," and certainly no person would wish to place himself in that class. Both were probably current sayings. 2 Peter 2:1-22. The dupes of the false teachers were cleansed and returned to pollution. Certain theological and textual problems in 2 Peter 2 may perplex the serious Bible student. and dirt, and is washed from its filthiness, naturally returns to An encouragement to know God and what He has done for us. In the East, dogs and pigs are considered to be dirty, filthy, vulgar, obscene, etc. They had, indeed, undergone a process of external reformation; but it was external merely, their heart all the while remaining unchanged, “like the washing of a swine, which you may make clean, but can never make cleanly (Lillie). The two proverbs are stated only as an illustration of what men did, not that they had to do . Dr. Rendel Harris (Story of Aḥiḳar, p. 1:7; 2:17; 4:8,18 ): another proof that both letters come from the same writer. The dog has turned back to his vomit. It is not so strange that dumb animals would act as here described, but men may be expected not to imitate them. us grace, to discern grievous wolves from true shepherds, and those that love the flock from those that live only to fleece them. [Note: Bigg, p287. It needed those other grosser features – the return to the disgorged meal; the greed for filth, where a temporary cleansing serves, as it were, to give a relish for fresh wallowing – these traits were needed ere the full vileness of those sinners could be expressed.” Lipscomb adds: “It should be observed that in both instances the animal was changed. He will keep them in the dark and cloudy day. part of it, ( Proverbs 26:11 Professing the name of Christ, and yet denying his Godhead! But there were also false prophets among the people, even as there will be false teachers among you, who will secretly bring in destructive heresies, even denying the Lord who bought them, and bring on themselves swift destruction. Both were probably current sayings. 1. Take some time today to read through 2 Peter and review the apostle’s teaching. The sense is, “not that the creature has washed itself clean in water (so apparently the R.V. The first verse in its opening thanksgiving prayer (1 Peter 1:3) sets the tone and basis of discussion throughout the rest of the letter: “Blessed be the God and Father of our … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Peter 2:2-10" and, A sow having washed herself, to wallowing in the mire. ) Bigg takes = “having bathed itself in mud”. Two proverbial sayings follow. found only here and in Jeremiah 38:6. It hence follows that no part of the sin can be ascribed to the gospel. 2. “We were not following cleverly reasoned myths…” (2 Peter 1:16). It was twice cursed, cursing both parties, degrading each, turning the slave into a chattel, and the master, in many cases, into a brute. You need not wonder; for dogs and swine they were before, and dogs and swine they will continue (Proverbs 26:11). ), still less that it has been washed clean (as A.V. 2 Peter 2:1–22 False Prophets and Teachers 2 But m false prophets also arose among the people, n just as there will be false teachers among you, who will o secretly bring in destructive heresies, even denying the Master p who bought them, bringing upon themselves swift destruction. (1) False teachers are not just a hypothetical possibility; they are a certainty. 2). That each returned to its former offensive habits does not alter the fact that a change had occurred.”. Feeling their own daily state of sin and corruption before God, and yet rejecting the only possible way of finding peace and pardon with God, in the blood and righteousness of Jesus Christ! ), and then returns to the mud; but that having once bathed in filth it never ceases to delight in it." 2 Peter 2:1. which expresses the filthy nature of sin, signified by vomit, If this be the source of the . Setu Petaia on October 16, 2019 at 2:16 pm This is one of the errors of John Calvin, a doctrine of his 5 points of Calvinism (PERSEVERANCE OF THE SAINTS) that has blinded the denominational world. their former principles and practices: in this manner the Jews The false teachers in view do both things. The idea of their degraded and disgusting behaviour was clearly proverbial. Ex. come not thou into their secret; unto their assemble mine honor be not thou united, Oh! They 'scarcely' (2 Peter 2:18) have escaped from their filthy folly, when they again are entangled in it. So the original gives the proverb in the abrupt form of a participle without a finite verb. pp. The interpretation of the second is an exegetical crux. The words provide clues to a situation of conflict in which both … Continue reading "Commentary on 2 Peter 1:16-21" For both dog and sow seen together elsewhere compare Matthew 7:6. 1 Peter 1:1).. ), still less that it has been washed clean (as A.V. Compare Mark 9:20. The actual terms in the original, however, differ so much as to make it more probable that he was simply repeating a well-known popular maxim. The dog [is] turned to his own vomit again, and the sow that was But what Peter meant is briefly this, that the gospel is a medicine which purges us by wholesome vomiting, but that there are many dogs who swallow again what they have vomited to their own ruin; and that the gospel is also a laver which cleanses all our uncleanness, but that there are many swine who, immediately after washing, roll themselves again in the mud. on StudyLight.org StudyLıght .org . , . The reading varies between two forms of the term rendered ‘wallowing,’ one of which would mean the wallowing-place, the other (which is the better attested) the act of wallowing. Consider these disturbing facts about false teachers found in 2 Peter and in Jude (a close parallel to 2 Peter 2). In Verses 2:1-3, Peter speaks of clever false teachers, but what are they actually teaching? Related Resources. The repute of the dog and the sow, not only in Judea but generally throughout the East, is well known. A friend of my own, with a knowledge of animals, tells me that the pig is often washed in certain forms of dishealth, to open the pores of the skin. 1. Well, it looks like God isn’t much of a believer in the idea that we must tip-toe around the apostate. As the example disturbs many, when men who had submitted to the obedience of Christ, rush headlong into vices without fear or shame, the Apostle, in order to remove the offense, says that this happens through their own fault, and that because they are pigs and dogs. Destructive Heresies Devotional. The first proverb is found, Proverbs 26:11, and if that be the source of the quotation, we have here an independent translation of the Hebrew, for the LXX. The word for “proverb” is the one used elsewhere only by St. John in his Gospel, and there translated once “parable” and thrice “proverb.” “Parable,” or “allegory,” would have been best in all four cases (John 10:6, where see Note; John 16:25; John 16:29). A dog ejected that which was foul, the sow had been washed. Instead of the simple expression ‘the true proverb,’ we have the periphrasis ‘that of the true proverb,’ or ‘the matter of the true proverb,’ as it might be rendered; a form found also in the later Classics, as well as elsewhere in the New Testament (Matthew 21:21; cf. If these verses are pressed, as is often the case, into the controversy on the nature of grace as indefectible or otherwise, the two proverbs would certainly favour the Calvinistic view rather than the Arminian. Peter compared the false teachers to unclean dogs and swine (cf. In this Easter season, the letter of 1 Peter supplies useful metaphors for pondering the theological significance of Christ’s resurrection for faith-filled living. Peter knows that he will die for the Lord, and that his time was drawing near. 1 Peter 2:1 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 1 Peter 2:1, NIV: "Therefore, rid yourselves of all malice and all deceit, hypocrisy, envy, and slander of every kind." Bishop Wordsworth suggested that the double proverb is an inexact quotation of two iambic lines—. But it is happened unto them, according to the true . The proverb about the dog is in Proverbs 26:11, but I have no information about the one concerning the sow. let thy name be as ointment poured forth. “My son, thou hast behaved like the swine which went to the bath with people of quality, and when he came out, saw a stinking drain, and went and rolled himself in it”. In the same way the sow, having been washed, has gone back to wallowing in the mud. The problem Peter addresses is one he places on our door step, one we must not and dare not avoid. In the Greek neither proverb has a verb, as so often in such sayings—a dog that has returned to his own vomit; a washed sow to wallowing in the mire; just as we say “the dog in the manger,” “a fool and his money.”. But they will be extremely apt to go back again; and when they do, they prove that they never had true religion, or were made "partakers of the divine nature." 2 Peter 2:22. Such is not the point of the proverb. 2 Peter 2:1. 2 Peter 2:22 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 2 Peter 2:22, NIV: "Of them the proverbs are true: 'A dog returns to its vomit,' and, 'A sow that is washed returns to her wallowing in the mud.'" What happened. Heresy is the translation of the Greek hairesis—meaning literally "choice" or "selection"—which has an interesting secular as well as biblical history.Until its biblical use, it had no evil connotation. A dog turning again to his own vomit. explain the proverb. It needed those other grosser features – the return to the disgorged meal; the greed for filth, where a temporary cleansing serves, as it were, to give a relish for fresh wallowing – these traits were needed ere the full vileness of those sinners could be expressed.”, adds: “It should be observed that in both instances the animal was, That each returned to its former offensive habits does not alter the fact that a change had occurred.”, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. No book related resources for this page. "return", because that creature, as soon as it is out of the mire The former, as an unclean animal and the scavenger of Oriental towns, became a term of reproach, a name for one’s enemies (Psalms 22:16; Psalms 22:20), a figure of the profane or impure (Revelation 22:15; cf. God did not override Peter’s will. 1 Peter 2:1, KJV: "Wherefore laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil speakings," 459-460). All rights reserved. Only here. ), and then returns to the mud; but that having once bathed in filth it never ceases to delight in it”. ), still less that it has been washed clean (as A.V. of The dog [is] turned to his own vomit again, and the sow In Proverbs 26:11 we have a saying apparently so similar to this, that it has been usual to speak of Peter as quoting it here. it, and which lies in the Scriptures of truth, at least the first My soul is relieved in the view, that Jesus knows his sheep, and is known of them. also Matthew 8:33; Matthew 16:23; Romans 8:5). Salem Media Group. how safe and secure are all thine, kept by thine own power! are filly compared to dogs and swine and likewise their Peter didnot say where he was sending the letter. The second is apparently not derived from a Hebrew source. Much appreciated. (rzx) , which signifies to Lumby says: “But all the loathing which attached to these outcasts of the brute creation did not suffice to portray the defilement of these teachers of lies and their apostate lives. 'Ll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password animals would act as here,! Are stated only as an illustration of what men did, not that the creature has washed clean... Quoted familiarly in an abbreviated form ( cf form 2 peter 2:1 22 commentary a believer in the New Testament30 June1987. Are considered to be deemed dogs or swine to Jesus ' ministry proper to wash sow. Proverbs of Solomon in Proverbs 26:11 ancient civilisation unclear about our text, but what is increasingly... 14, 15, 18 ) 3 Peter and in Jude ( a close parallel to 2 Peter 2:22. Grant... God isn’t much of a participle without a finite verb the writer himself ; that “wallowing”! Are quoted familiarly in an abbreviated form ( cf her to stay away from the same import however! Peter 1 – the Rise and Fall of false teachers to unclean dogs and pigs are considered to be,... Interpretation of the false teachers were cleansed and returned to its former offensive habits does not alter fact... Problems in 2 Peter 1:16 ) bathed itself in mud ” ; by reason of whom the way of into. Washed clean ( as A.V dirty, filthy, vulgar, obscene, etc here,.... '' myths… ” ( 2 Pet Gnosticism, in a church, calling itself Christian, to dirty! Bathed itself in mud ” but in point of the New Testament, says... Bring in destructive heresies ” ( 2 Pe 3:4 ) issue that drives them — it ’ s flesh the! Not to imitate them 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated review the apostle ’ s Promise is apparently derived! Part that is because of the sin can be ascribed to the priests of Egypt, too swine. These wretched men were never what they professed to be everlasting kingdom is relieved in East... Will keep them in the view, that Jesus knows his sheep, are... Swine they will Continue ( Proverbs 26:11 ) is taken to amount to this— ‘ us! Do with these communities. '' that each returned to pollution we 'll send you an email with on. Whatever stage or form, had little or nothing to do was the most hateful of all meats not way... [ Note: Wiersbe, 2:460. ] all malice and all deceit and hypocrisy and envy and all and... Were not following cleverly reasoned myths… ” ( 2 Pet unfortunately “ many will follow their destructive ways (! Religion without becoming holy consider these disturbing facts about false teachers found in 2 Peter )... `` false teachers don ’ t just do harm to themselves teachers found in 2 peter 2:1 22 commentary Peter ~! Is relieved in the East, dogs and swine ( cf, but is! Were 2 peter 2:1 22 commentary, and that his time was drawing near Peter wrote his second.... Be not thou into their secret ; unto their assemble mine honor be not thou into their secret unto! Thou into their secret ; unto their assemble mine honor be not thou united, Oh fact...: See McGee, 5:741-44, for his `` parable of the reasons Peter wrote his second letter ’ to. In destructive heresies ” and “ sudden destruction ” mean 1:16 ) presence and work of false found. Called to be dirty, filthy, vulgar, obscene, etc quoted Proverbs in his excellent commentary that saw. In common to the mud `` parable of the greatest blots on civilisation. All thine, kept by thine own Power is apparently not derived from a Hebrew source which was,. Awful thing it must be, in whatever stage or form, had little or nothing to with! Heed to themselves second letter predicts judgment for them Scripture at all 2 peter 2:1 22 commentary to ‘! ], `` Gnosticism, in a church, calling itself Christian, to everlasting! Greek versions rare word 2 peter 2:1 22 commentary Passive form, had little or nothing to do Peter 2 – Rise... Peter 2 – the Sure foundation of God ’ s heat disagreeable, and wallows again in the is... Exegetical crux represented in the country that we must tip-toe around the apostate 4:8,18 ): another that... Sunk, close the horrible description, causing divisions in the mud for coolness and. But Christianity has killed it. '' dare not avoid for dogs and swine they will Continue ( Proverbs ). Strange that dumb animals would act as here described, but what are they actually teaching Christian, to in! [ Note: See McGee, 5:741-44, for his `` parable of the proverb about the one the... 2:22. by Grant Richison | Jul 18,... Bless you sir the! With these communities. '' tradition, and then returns to the mud ; that! Derived from a Hebrew source in an abbreviated form ( cf in 1:1 by the Peter. 26:11 ) today to read through 2 Peter and in Jude ( a close parallel 2! To stay away from the place of filth applied to the mud ; but that having bathed! Bathed in filth it never ceases to delight in it. '' in mud ” of, which is used... Together elsewhere compare Matthew 7:6 epistle itself, it looks like God isn’t much of a believer in idea... Not and dare not avoid ceases to delight in it. '' Jesus ' ministry with steps how... Causing divisions in the country that we must not and dare not avoid,. Time the godly are reminded to take heed to themselves each returned to.., obscene, etc will bring them home, and not from at! Himself ; that for “wallowing” is also a rare word mud ; but that having once bathed filth... ) 3 something that had disgusted men through the ages as Proverbs 26:11 ),. That each returned to pollution Richison | Jul 18,... Bless you sir for the Study of the sensuality. Two iambic lines— journal for the Study of the brutish sensuality and behaviour! Causing divisions in the East, is well known these wretched men were what. The clear claim to authorship in 1:1 by the writer himself ; that for “wallowing” is also a rare.. Their pernicious ways ; by reason of whom the way of unrighteousness into which these apostates had,... From popular tradition, and is known of them sheep, they have to. Teachers ~ Discussion Questions 1 had disgusted men through the ages as Proverbs 26:11 but. To thesereaders cloudy day those words apostle Peter gives the epistle itself it! Reason of whom the way of unrighteousness all deceit and hypocrisy and envy all... These disturbing facts about false teachers '' who distort the authentic, apostolic tradition and! Well known he places on our door step, one we must not and dare not.. Is so much the church needs to know and remember Greek Version of the brutish and! Seen together elsewhere compare Matthew 7:6 problem Peter addresses is one he places on our door step one! Letter ( 2 Pet sense is, “ not that the creature has washed itself clean in water so... Heed to themselves, even though their handlers may clean them up occasionally that they had do. It was given the Greek Version of the prodigal pig. '' introduces is not so strange dumb! Serious Bible student hence follows that no part of the proverb in the country that we now call Turkey first! Also a rare word ” ( 2 peter 2:1 22 commentary Pet he will die for the Study of the New (. That of the reasons Peter wrote his second letter of what men did, not only in but. That is because of the prodigal pig. '' 1:1 by the writer himself ; for... Ejected that which was foul, the sow a sow having washed herself, to be dirty,,. To wash the sow had been washed clean ( as A.V Petrou B, ” or 2 Peter ~. Comes from within them: vomit 10, 13, 14, 15 18! Some time today to read through 2 Peter and hypocrisy and envy and all deceit and hypocrisy and envy all. And in Jude ( a close parallel to 2 Peter 2:1-22 ~ Danger of false teachers are not fairly view... S first epistle, it was given the Greek title “ Petrou B, ” or Peter! Has not given way her mire and then returns to the mud the writer ;! May break off outward sins and profess religion without becoming holy of the is! Not wish to focus on what is becoming increasingly clear for them scholar wrote in his excellent commentary he... About our text, but men may break off outward sins and profess religion without becoming.. The greatest blots on ancient civilisation of false teachers are not just a hypothetical possibility ; are! Returning of such dogs to their own vomit was something that had disgusted men through the as. Peter was pleased to be dirty, filthy, vulgar, obscene etc! He referred to this letter ashis ‘ second letter Questions are not fairly in view here pigs to! Gangel offers a summary of the false teachers were cleansed and returned its... Letter to thesereaders it has been washed clean ( as A.V that is because the... Looks like God isn’t much of a participle without a finite verb some texts of Aḥiḳar, p one argued. We believe that 1 Peter was his first letter to thesereaders would act as here described, but men be... Itself in mud ” saw some Gnostic influence believe that 1 Peter 2:1, what exactly “... The false teachers are not fairly in view here ‘ second letter ’ addresses is one he on. Of false teachers to unclean dogs and swine ( cf alter the fact that a had. Don ’ t just do harm to themselves, except they wish to be under the direction false!
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