The people of Spanish-speaking South America face a number of challenges. Welsh is spoken and written in the historic towns of Trelew and Rawson in the Argentine Patagonia. The countries of Spanish-speaking South America have higher literacy rates than do the countries of Central America and the Caribbean, or Mexico and Brazil. This is one of the Spanish-speaking countries with the largest percentage of indigenous groups. It is home to the highest peak of the Andes, a mountain range labeled the longest in the world. Even with years of political and economic friction in this great country, Venezuela is still home to some of the most charming natural beauties. There are also many Romani-speakers, originating in Eastern Europe, throughout South America particularly in Colombia, Chile, Brazil, and Argentina. Spanish, with slightly fewer speakers than Portuguese, is the second most spoken language on the continent. And if that isn’t enough, I’ve recommended my three favorite language learning locations within each country to help you get a bit more specific with your research. Interestingly, as a landlocked nation, Bolivia overcomes its blockage to the sea by positioning its navy forces in a base at the highest navigable lake in the world, Lake Titicaca. Paraguay is the only country in South America that is not a big tourist destination. There are Eastern European Romanian speakers, esp. Try our interactive Game about Spanish-speaking countries and their capital cities using the sentence "The capital of COUNTRY X is ..." with 4 alternatives to choose from. Start reading in Spanish today! LITERACY IN SOUTH AMERICA. With this in mind, finding community-based tourism and local guides will allow you to learn about the customs, traditions, and native languages of over 30 indigenous groups. Many cities in Latin America provide a high quality of life at an affordable price. Spain founded and governed a large number of cities in the present-day United States; some of them are as historically relevant as St. Augustine (FL) – the oldest city in the country – or New Orleans. Bogota is one … According to data from 2007, Lima, the capital of Peru, is a huge city with a population of 8,472,935 people. This is where you will find plenty of private tutors, college professors, and professional teachers. ^ INEI defines the city of Arequipa as comprising the districts of Arequipa, Alto Selva Alegre, Cayma, Cerro Colorado, Jacobo Hunter, Mariano Melgar, Miraflores, Paucarpata, Sabandía, Sachaca, Socabaya, Tiabaya, Yanahuara and José Luis Bustamante y Rivero. Brazil currently holds the largest Japanese community outside Japan. They are Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Technically, Mexico, Central America, South America and the Caribbean are all Latin America. Chibcha-Duit, Tunebo, Arhuaco, Cuna-Cueva, Guaymi-Dorasque, Talamanca, Rama-Guatuso, Choco, Cuaiquer, Andaki, Paez-Coconuco, Colorado-Cayapa, Warrau, Mura-Matanawi, Jirajira, Yunca, Atacameno, Itonama, Ona, Yahgan, Alakuluf, Tehuelche, Puelche, Araucanian, Leco, Sec, Culle, Xibito-Cholon, Catacao, Colan, Jibaro-Kandoshi, Esmeralda, Cofan, Yaruro, Catuquina, Ticuna, Muniche, Auaque, Caliana, Macu, Yuri, Canichana, Mobima, Chapacura-Uanhaman, Chamicuro, Apolista, Amuesha, Araua, Uru, Timote, Cariri, Zamuco, Guahibo-Pamigua, Saliban, Otomaco-Taparita, Mocoa, Tuyuneri, Yuruneri, Trumai, Cayuvava, Ge, Caingang, Camacan, Machacali, Puri, Patacho, Malali, Coropo, Botocudo, Chiquita, Guato, Fulnio, Oti, Tacana-Pano, Moseten, Mataco, Lule, Vilela, Mascoy, Charrua, Guaycuru-Opaie. The Spanish Empire began its interest in the Americas upon the arrival of Christopher Columbus in the Caribbean in 1492. 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