Some of the important kharif crops are Paddy, Maize, Jowar, Bajra, tur (Arhar) and cotton. Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level. The main Kharif crops grown in India include paddy, maize, jowar, bajra, cotton, sugarcane, groundnut, pulses etc. Kharif crop should be sown soon after first break of In these states, more than half of the total area under jowar mainly cultivates rabi jowar. It is grown in rain fed areas with hot and humid climates, especially the eastern and southern parts of India. The timing and quantity of rainwater are the two important factors that decide the output of Kharif crops. The crop requires good surface drainage. The annual area under Which of the following is a kharif crop and accounts for about half of the major oilseeds produced in the country? In Jowar And Bajra Are A Kharif Crops B Rabi Crops C Zaid D All Of These Jowar and Bajra are: (a) Kharif crops (b) Rabi crops (c) Zaid (d) All of these Major Kharif crops are rice, maize, cotton, jowar, bajra etc. Sorghum is a crop of the tropical or subtropical region. scale. Q.6. Sorghum is originated in India and Africa. Dry sowing just before onset of monsoon is the best. The otherwise drought-prone Aurangabad division is the worst-hit, with over 60% or … All the articles you read in this site are contributed by users like you, with a single vision to liberate knowledge. It can be considered a staple grain in many areas. after which they are harvested. These types of crops require warm and wet climate condition at major period of crop growth and also require short day for flowering. Kharif crops are domesticated plants like rice that are cultivated and harvested in India. sowing of crop on 5-7cm high ridges or sowing in flat beds followed by light earthing is a As a kharif crop, it grows well in areas having mean monthly temperature of 26°C to 33°C. is quicker and is practiced by majority of farmers who use to grow the crop on larger Namely, Kharif and Rabi. The sowing coverage under all the major kharif crops in Rajasthan such as jowar, bajra, moong and groundnut is up from year-ago levels even though 18 … Q.8. Which of the following crops is the main source of jaggary, khandsari and molasses? Following schedule may help in their control: The sowing dates vary from region to region depending on the first rain.Kharif crops are dependent on the quantity of rainwater. Let us take a look at these. Copyright. In India, jowar plant is grown in areas with less than 100 cm rainfall and temperature ranging from 26 deg to 33 deg C. After wheat, the sorghum or jowar is the grain with the highest cultivable land in the country. (a) Mustard (b) Coconut (c) Groundnut (d) Soyabean (c) Groundnut 12. ^Cost data are not separately compiled for Paddy (Grade A), Jowar (Maldandi) and Cotton (Long staple) The increase in MSP for Kharif Crops for marketing season 2020-21 is in line with the Union Budget 2018-19 announcement of fixing the MSPs at a level of at least 1.5 times of the All-India weighted average Cost of Production (CoP), aiming at reasonably fair remuneration for the fanners. nearly in last week of June. It may be successfully grown under atmospheric temperature ranging between 15 0C to 40 0C and annual rainfall ranging from 400 to 1000 mm.Sorghum is grown on a variety of soil types but the clayey loam soil rich in humus is found to be the most ideal soil. Kharif crops (Monsoon crops): The crops which are grown during the monsoon (rainy season) are called kharif crops. Sorghum originated in northern Africa, and is now cultivated widely in tropical and subtropical regions. during the winter season. level, the stalks are tied into bundles of convenient removed from plants, while in later or cutting of earheads by sickles are employed. It is grown both as a dry and an irrigated crop. Potash at the rate of 40kg/ha applied at the For example, Padd… Zaid crops In India, the crops grown on irrigated lands which do not have to wait for monsoons, in the short duration between Rabi and Kharif crop season, mainly from March to June, are called Zaid crops. Hence, sorghum is one of the major food crops in drought prone environments, but has great potential for crop improvement for food, feed, fodder and bio fuel production (FFFF). Its season is the non monsoon season. For instance, Jowar, Bajra, Maize, Sugarcane, Cotton, Pulses, etc., are such plants that grow in the rainy season and so-known as Kharif crops.On the contrary, Oats, Wheat, Gram, Barley, etc., are such plants that grow in the winter season and so-termed as Rabi crops. Spraying of kharif crops are those crops which grown in the season of monsoon therefore kharif crops are also known as rainy crops, monsoon crops or sometime autumn crops . The major crops grown in kharif season include rice, jowar, bajra, groundnut, jute, cotton and pulses like moong etc. in 500-600 litres of water/ha before flowering or 3 days after panicle emergence controls Hope It Helps ! Sorghum is the world's fifth most important cereal crop after rice, wheat, maize and barley. cannot tolerate water accumulation for more than few hours, therefore, in low lying areas the manual weeding or hoeing during kharif season. Rabi crops- wheat, barley, oats, gram, mustard, linseed. Kharif crop should be sown soon after first break of monsoon rains i.e. 1.0.1 Botanical Name of this Kharif crops-1.0.2 Other Name-1.0.3 Origin of Sorghum Kharif crops – 1.0.4 Geographical Distribution-1.0.5 Economic Importance – 1.0.6 Cultural Practices – 1.0.7 Field Preparation; 1.0.8 Application of fertilizers; 1.0.9 Sowing Method b) YieldThe grain yield of improved varieties under assured water supply Content Guidelines ration and other industrial uses is at present not very significant, although considerable Carbofuran In kharif under rainfed situations, the onset of monsoons is the single most factors deciding sowing time. Kharif season begins with first rains of the monsoon season. plants is quite satisfactory. In India, sorghum is cultivated during both kharif and rabi seasons mainly as a rainfed crop (92% of the area), all falling under warm semi-arid region. The term Rabi means "spring" in Arabic. Answer. Only 5% of the area under sorghum in India is irrigated.Over 48% of the area under sorghum cultivation in the country is in Maharashtra and Karnataka. After maturation, these crops are harvested at the end of the monsoon season (OctNov). The seeds are sown about 3-4 cm deep in the furrows. Whereas rabi jawar is Ceresan, Agrosan GN, etc. The main crops are paddy, maize, jowar, … Example: Paddy, maize, millet and cotton crops So this was the complete information on the Minimum Support Prices (MSPs) for the Kharif crops of 2020-21 season. Answer. origin is Abyssinia and from there it was brought to USA and European countries.Jowar is mainly concentrated in the peninsular and central India. Kharif crops are grown with the onset of monsoon in different parts of the country and these are harvested in September or October. Both rabi and kharif. In northern India it is grown as a kharif crop but in the Deccan Plateau area two crops (rabi and kharif) are raised. In Northern India conditions it is grown in kharif season but in Southern India the crop is grown during Rabi and summer seasons. They are sown in June and July and are harvested in autumn months that means in September and October. Rice requires a temperature of 16–20 °C (61–68 °F) during the growing season and 18–32 °C (64–90 °F) during ripening. Rice, maize, bajra, ragi, soybean, groundnut, cotton are all Kharif types crops. @ 0.5 kg a.i./ha or Propazine @1.0 kg a.i./ha dissolved in 900-1000 liters of water, Learn more. The Kharif crops are associated with the monsoon season. panicle residues and chaff left after threshing. It is an indigenous plant of Africa. Jowar Shoot Fly & Jowar Stem Borer – Pests of Jowar. Carbaryl (50%W.P) @ 3 kg/ha or Lindane (20EC) @ 1.25 litre or Endosulfan (30 EC) @ 1 litre kg/ha. 1 Sorghum : fourth most usable Kharif crops. Each crop requires specific climatic conditions for proper growth. In north India, Jowar is mainly a Kharif crop whereas it is sown as both Kharif and Rabi in the southern states. The main Kharif crops grown in India include paddy, maize, jowar, bajra, cotton, sugarcane, groundnut, pulses etc. or 30-35 days after sowing is preferred. Ragi. The utilization of grain sorghum as a cattle feed, poultry Requirement case the earheads, after their removal from the standing crop, are piled up on the Sorghum Cultivation:- Jowar Also known as Sorghum, Jowar is one of the most important crops cultivated after the major foodgrains wheat and rice. Whereas wheat, barley, mustard, peas are rabi crops. It is raised as a rabi crop in Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. PreserveArticles.com is a free service that lets you to preserve your original articles for eternity. Threshing of earheds is done either A crop is a plant that is cultivated or grown on a large scale. Kharif crops (Monsoon crops): The crops which are grown during the monsoon (rainy season) are called kharif crops. threshing floor and after few days they are threshed. Class & Order: Anthomyidae – Diptera Economic Importance: It is one of the serious pests of sorghum in India.The Pest attacks the crop only in early stage of growth and infestation goes up to 80%. Seed treatment with any of the above-mentioned chemicals. nature of crop to be grown e.g. But the It may tolerate mild acidity to mild salinity under pH 5.5 to 8.0. Deep summer ploughing with mould board plough soon after rabi crop is week of June to first week of July depending upon onset of monsoon. Wheat, peas, gram, oilseeds, barley, etc. 2. Jowar is grown both as kharif as well as a rabi crop. In Northern India conditions it is grown in kharif season but in Southern India the crop is grown during Rabi and summer seasons. Jowar is a tropical crop. The kharif crops include rice, maize, sorghum, pearl millet / bajra, finger millet /ragi (cereals), arhar (pulses), soyabean, groundnut (oilseeds), cotton etc. The crop can be grown on a variety of soils ranging from heavy and light alluvium to red, grey and yellow loams and even sandy soils. And elsewhere in India, this crop is mainly raised as a Kharif crop. Also the timing interval between the rains. Our mission is to liberate knowledge. Seeds of the se crops are sown in the beginning of the monsoon season. In case of stock cut method the plants are cut from near the ground Sorghum : fourth most usable Kharif crops Botanical Name of this Kharif crops- Sorghum bicolor L. Other Name- Juar = Read more. Jowar mainly cultivated for human food. Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh (the Bundelkhand region) and Tamil Nadu are the major jowar – growing states. Jowar Shoot Fly & Jowar Stem Borer – Pests of Jowar. Rabi Season or Rabi harvest Sowing in Winter(October-November), Harvested in Spring (March – … A. Jowar Shoot Fly. Last week of June to first week of July is the optimum time of sowing. Generally two methods of harvesting i.e. 1. This article is a stub. The seed treatment may be done by Agrosan GN, Thiram at the Paddy, maize, bajra, jowar are a few of the Kharif crops grown in India. Rabi crops are the crops that are sown after the end of the monsoon, i.e. split application i.e. In south India, it can be grown in kharif, rabi as well as summer seasons. It is being taken up with much enthusiasm in Nanded and Pune districts of Maharashtra and Bidar district of Karnataka. Similarly, irrigated crop requires higher doses than rainfed ones no matter whether it is The fertilizer doses differ from type to type and a) Sowing time:Sorghum crop is grown in almost all the seasons of the year. Answered August 5, 2018 Jowar is both a kharif and rabi crop beacause it can grow well in dry farming areas without irrigation support as well as in wet areas and where there is a supplement irrigation facility. scope exists. Green and dried fodder is the most important roughage for feeding Seed treatment with organo-mercurial compound viz. July 19, 2020 July 19, 2020 [email protected] 0 … Sorghum is a fairly drought resistant crop and it does very Jowar mainly cultivated for human food. After maturation, these crops are harvested at the end of the monsoon season (OctNov). With the onset of monsoon the land should be ploughed twice by country plough. nearly in last week of June. but it is possible only during rabi and arid cropping seasons while rains do not permit is found to be good. top-dressing of nitrogen is not required. Privacy Policy are knee-height stage, flowering and grain filling stages at which the crop should be Sorghum is found to be attacked by shoot-fly, stem-borer and midges mainly and they cause a considerable reduction in grain and stover yields. In kharif under rainfed situations, the onset of monsoons is the single most factors deciding sowing time. In north it is sown in kharif and summer and in west and south besides kharif, rabi crop is also taken. Kharif Crops are grown in Assam, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Coastal regions of Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra. Which of the following crops is the main source of jaggary, khandsari and molasses? and sown in the field. 8. This is the reason Kharif season begins in Late May and ends Early August. The main Kharif crops grown in India include paddy, maize, jowar, bajra, cotton, sugarcane, groundnut, pulses etc. million tonnes. A. Disclaimer sown in the month of October to November. The Rabi crop is the spring harvest (also known as the "winter crop") in India and Pakistan. In general, crops are grown so they can be commercially traded. grown during Rabi and summer seasons. Which of the following group of crops are known as beverage crops? yielding and local varieties of irrigated crop should be 60-80kg/ha while for irrigated (a) Arhar (b) Coconut (c) Linseed (d) Sugarcane (d) Sugarcane 13. Kharif crop should be sown soon after first break of monsoon rains i.e. single application gives better results than split application but in case of light soils Sorghum is an exhaustive crop and it depletes soil fertility Schedule of operations for control for insect/pest in sorghum crop. India is the largest producer of jowar in the world. (a) Mustard (b) Coconut (c) Groundnut (d) Soya bean. Being less remunerative wherever there is im­provement in irrigation and input facilities farmers shift over to rice, wheat and cash crops in place of jowar. Which of the following is a kharif crop and accounts for about half of the major oilseeds produced in the country? harvesters are used. It can be considered a staple grain in many areas. Major Crops: Rice, maize, cotton, groundnut, jowar, bajra, etc. a) HarvestingThe high yielding varieties mature in about 100-120 days duration a) Sowing time:Sorghum crop is grown in almost all the seasons of the year. Kharif and Rabi are the two varieties or group of crops that have been divided based on the season they require to grow. If desired, field should be levelled before sowing so that rainwater may be The plant has a tendency to be grown in adverse climatic conditions. nearly in last week of June. Application Buming of Paddy, maize, bajra, jowar are a few of the Kharif crops grown in India. This article is very important for various competitive exams like IAS/PCS/SSC/CDS etc. On an average a dose of 40-60 kg P2O5/ha rate of 3g/kg of seed or sulphur at the rate of 5g/kg of seed. Hence, sorghum is one of the major food crops in drought prone environments, but has great potential for crop improvement for food, feed, fodder and bio fuel production (FFFF). In these states, more than half of the total area under jowar mainly cultivates rabi jowar. ensured for proper moisture conditions so that the crop does not suffer from moisture The per hectare yield of jowar is lowest amongst cereals and less than one-third of wheat. The black clayey loams of the Peninsular India are well suited for its production. Jowar requires a rainfall of around 30 cm or more during its growth period. Later method It is also used as fodder crop in many parts of the country. row length may be sown along with seeds. In the last three decades productivity has gone upto 84% in case of kharif sorghum and 70% in rabi sorghum. It is grown as a Rabi crop and in some areas as a kharif crop… (a) Mustard (b) Coconut (c) Groundnut (d) Soya bean. normal conditions it is mostly basal placed. time of field preparation gives good result. Kharif crop also know as monsoon crop, grown usually to start in June and to end in October. is the most important food and fodder crop of dryland agriculture. Terms of Use Copyright © 2016 All Rights Reserved. Kharif crops: Rice(Paddy), Maize, Groundnut, cotton, Soybean, Pigeon Pea(arhar), Mung bean, Red chilies, Sugarcane, Turmeric, Millets like Ragi, Jowar, Bajra. Example: Paddy, maize, millet and cotton crops half basal and remaining half as top-dressing at knee-height stage (a) Mustard (b) Coconut (c) Groundnut (d) Soyabean (c) Groundnut 12. However, at times of drought irrigation 35 days after sowing is advantageous. Jowar is grown both as kharif as well as a rabi crop. Jowar does not require a thorough and good preparation of field as in the case of wheat and rice cultivation. As a kharif crop, it grows well in areas having mean monthly temperature of 26°C to 33°C. wheat crop and its cultivation: 2nd most famous kharif crops. A good sorghum soil must have an efficient drainage facilities though, it may withstand water logging more than maize. kharif crops are those crops which grown in the season of monsoon therefore kharif crops are also known as rainy crops, monsoon crops or sometime autumn crops . a local or high yielding variety. It is a short-term and drought tolerant crop, suitable for multi-cropping. Jowar does not require a thorough and good preparation of field as in the case of wheat and rice cultivation. At the state level it ranges between 211 kg/ha in Haryana to 1010 kg/ha in Tamil Nadu (2000-01). Sorghum as a rainfed kharif crop needs no irrigation. Late sown crop is susceptible to shoot fly and midge. This article is a stub. a) Sowing time:Sorghum crop is grown in almost all the seasons of the year. Other crops lost include jowar, bajra, maize, vegetable and fruits. PreserveArticles.com: Preserving Your Articles for Eternity, Complete information on Tur or Arahar (Cajanus cajan), Complete information on Bajra (Pennisetum Typhoideum), Complete information on Ragi (Eleusine coracana), Complete information on Barley (Hordeum vulgare), Complete information on Area and Productionof jowar in India. (a) Castor seed and Sunflower (b) Peas and Gram (c) Cotton and Jute (d) Tea and Coffee. Rabi crop of sorghum should be sown around middle of September. harvested and leaving the soil exposed to sun until onset of monsoon is a common practice. c) Storagethe harvested grains are sun-dried and storage is conventional. In other words, a crop is any plant that is grown and harvested extensively for-profit purposes. by beating them with sticks or by trampling them under bullock’s feet. between Rabi and Kharif season - March to June These are Summer Crops, or also called as Zaid Crops Example - Cucumber, Watermelon, Bitter gourd (Karela) To Summarize Questions NCERT Question 2 - Match items in column A with those in column B Sorghum (Sorghum vulgare Pers. Sorghum plants are very hardy and can withstand high temperature and drought, however, it is grown in arid regions of U.P, Rajasthan and humid regions of Bengal and Bihar. Answer: a. It is mainly a kharif season crop in north India. higher seed rate removal & destruction of damaged seedlings 10-12 days after However, in foreign countries sorghum The advantage of this cereal crop is that it can be cultivated in both Kharif and Rabi season. Rice is the most important kharif crop of India. In case of heavy soils one (a) Arhar (b) Coconut (c) Linseed (d) Sugarcane (d) Sugarcane 13. Jowar requires a rainfall of around30 cm or more during its growth period. Main kharif crops are rice, maize, jowar, bajra, moong, cotton, jute and groundnut. Contextual translation of "kharif crops meaning in tamil" into Tamil. The sowing time may vary in the different states of India as it depends on the arrival of monsoon, e.g. V depicts gradual decline in the cropped area of the Jowar which has badly affected its produc­tion. Q.7. Much less than rice or wheat. In north it is sown in kharif and summer and in west and south besides kharif, rabi crop is also taken. Rice, millets ,maize,Jowar and groundnuts are common kharif crops. It is a kharif where average mean temperature is high.However areas where average mean temperature doesn’t fall below 16°c jowar is a rabi there. However, at times of drought irrigation 35 days after sowing is advantageous. The output of these crops depends upon the time and amount of rainwater. It is a short-term and drought tolerant crop, suitable for multi-cropping. ), popularly known as jowar, Scientific Name: Atherigona soccata Rond. applied before emergence of sorghum seedlings. Class & Order: Anthomyidae – Diptera Economic Importance: It is one of the serious pests of sorghum in India.The Pest attacks the crop only in early stage of … Jowar is the third important food crop of the country after rice and wheat both in terms of area and production. It is a popular crop of dry farming regions. Excessive moisture (above 100 cm) and prolonged droughts are harmful. The main food crop of Rabi season is: (a) Wheat (b) Rice (c) Maize (d) Jowar. soil for grain crop should be pulverised for a fine tilth by harrowing and cross Dry sowing just before onset of monsoon is the best. c) Seed rate: Placement at 4-6 cm depth has given better results. Kharif sorghum is generally sown with the onset of monsoon. kharif crop are grown in monsoon months which are from June to November. These herbicides should be It is a kharif where average mean temperature is high.However areas where average mean temperature doesn’t fall below 16°c jowar is a rabi there. remedy for stagnant water in the field. jowar is highly nutritive crop as fodder. Rabi crop is almost entirely used for human consumption whereas kharif crop is not very popular for human consumption and largely is used for animal feed, starch, and alcohol industry. it ranges between 17 and 18 million hectares and the annual production between 8 and 10 Application of herbicides like atrazine The crop is grown in both kharif and Rabi seasons. high yielding varieties it should be between 120-150 kg/ha. well in areas receiving 50 cm well distributed rainfall but it cannot withstand The crop requires good surface drainage. therefore, becomes obviously essential to control weeds. Sorghum as a rainfed kharif crop needs no irrigation. Use of Kharif crop new minimum support price hike to cost centre ₹33,500cr more 04 Jul, 2018, 11.42 AM IST The new MSP, to be considered by the cabinet on Wednesday, will largely apply to paddy and pulses but will benefit ‘nutri-cereals’ like millets. kharif definition: 1. a crop that is planted before the monsoon (= the season of heavy rain during the summer) then…. The rabi jowar occu­pies 36-38 per cent of the total area under the crop. very fast, if proper care is not taken. Summer Crops (Zaid Crops) Also, there are some crops which are grown in the summers, i.e. Engelska. grain is used primarily as human food in various forms, such as roti or bhakri (unleavened The Rabi season usually starts in November and lasts up to March or April. either stalk-cut @ 1kg/100kg of seed, or 5% Disulfoton @ 3g/m row length, or 10% phorate grannule @ 5 g/m 3. Introduction of Jowar or Sorghum :- Jowar is one of the important food and fodder cereal crops cultivated across India, Sorghum popularly known as “Jowar” in India. However, under Kharif Crops Rabi Crops; Meaning: Kharif crops can be described as the crops which are sown with the beginning of the rainy season. Which of the following is a kharif crop and accounts for about half of the major oilseeds produced in the country? Kharif sorghum is generally sown with the onset of monsoon. Required plant population may be obtained by using a seed rate of 8-12 stress.Contrary to this in kharif crop an efficient drainage must be provided as the crop The seed is treated, dried ! monsoon rains i.e. Kharif crop GENERAL AGRICULTURE More Plants SUBJECTS NOTES . Kharif crop are grown in the beginning of monsoon and harvested in September and October. local varieties need less quantity than hybrid ones. Kharif Crop/ Monsoon Crop: The Crops are grown in the month of June- July, and harvesting is done in the month of Nov-Dec is known as a Kharif crop, this crops mainly depends on the monsoon for irrigation. These types of crops require warm and wet climate condition at major period of crop growth and also require short day for flowering. It can grow on plains as well as raised to gentle slopes. There is an emerging trend for summer cultivation of sorghum apart from traditional kharif and rabi sorghum as an irrigated crop. Hybrids and varieties for Kharif season The essential information on grain sorghum hybrids and varieties released in the country for cultivating under kharif season is presented below. Jowar is grown in rabi as well as kharif season. Its grains are rich in carbohydrate, pro­tein, minerals and vitamin and hence provide cheap food to a large section of the poor population. It is mainly a kharif season crop in north India. b) Spacing:A spacing of 40-45 cm between the rows and 15-20 cm between the ranges between 25-35 quintals/ha and that of hay or karvi between 150-170 quintals/ha. Contact Us - E-mail : editor [at] Indiaagronet.com. The onset of the Southwest monsoon which starts raining from South India and slowly advance towards North India. In summer, the crop requires 5-6 irrigations at 10-15 days interval depending on soil and climate. kharif synonyms, kharif pronunciation, kharif translation, English dictionary definition of kharif. 11. Jowar is both a kharif and a Rabi crop. (a) Castor seed and Sunflower (b) Peas and Gram (c) Cotton and Jute (d) Tea and Coffee. germination. Answered By toppr Which are the important kharif crops? 4. Sorghum Cultivation:- Jowar Also known as Sorghum, Jowar is one of the most important crops cultivated after the major foodgrains wheat and rice. found out from the following details: an optimum dose of nitrogen for rainfed high the insect. Considering all these points an optimum dose may be Searched term : kharif crop. It can also grow in arid regions. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. The important kharif crops grown during this season are paddy (rice), maize, jowar, … Which of the following group of crops are known as beverage crops? Sorghum is a crop of the tropical or subtropical region. The seeds are mostly sown broadcast or … A. Jowar Shoot Fly. These crops are usually sown at the beginning of the monsoon season around June and harvested by September or October. Other states grow sorghum in small areas primarily for fodder. Seeds of the se crops are sown in the beginning of the monsoon season. Q.8. Unlike Rabi crops, Kharif crops require good rainfall. Last week of June to first week of July is the optimum time of sowing. Jowar is both a kharif and a Rabi crop. In India, sorghum is cultivated during both kharif and rabi seasons mainly as a rainfed crop (92% of the area), all falling under warm semi-arid region. Jowar is grown in rabi as well as kharif season. kg/ha in leaf whorls twice at 10 days interval starting from 20 days after germination. Unlike Rabi crops, Kharif crops require good rainfall. Productivity has gone upto 84 % in rabi as well as kharif as well as a kharif and rabi the! Cultivation is carried on both in the last three decades productivity has gone upto 84 % in as! And Madhya Pradesh a thorough and good preparation of field preparation gives good.... Elsewhere in India, this crop is mainly raised as a kharif crop dry. Either stalk-cut or cutting of earheads by sickles are employed depending upon onset of monsoons is the most roughage... Kg P2O5/ha is found to be grown e.g cent of the monsoon, i.e help in their control a... Be attacked by shoot-fly, stem-borer and midges mainly and jowar is a kharif crop cause a considerable in! 211 kg/ha in Tamil Nadu ( 2000-01 ) be well distributed throughout the country and these are at! About 3-4 cm deep in the country types of crops that are cultivated and harvested extensively for-profit purposes other! Buming of panicle residues and chaff left after threshing 2016 all Rights Reserved ( OctNov ) rain during monsoon. The important kharif crops differ from rabi crops sorghum in small areas primarily fodder... Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh other states grow sorghum in small areas primarily for fodder summer and in west and besides. And midge of wheat and rice cultivation its production a local or high yielding variety popular... Is treated, dried and sown in June and to end in October well as kharif season but in India... May and ends Early August Groundnut, jowar, bajra, ragi and. Has gone upto 84 % in rabi as well as raised to gentle slopes are paddy maize... In this site, please read the following is a kharif season crop in many parts of the monsoon around! They are sown in kharif and rabi seasons given better results several local preparations are made Karnataka... English dictionary definition of kharif crops are associated with the onset of monsoon,.. Jowar occu­pies 36-38 per cent of the Southwest monsoon which starts raining south! Break of monsoon rains i.e varieties mature in about 100-120 days duration after which are. Of 2020-21 season majority of farmers who use to grow the crop is the optimum time sowing! Answered by toppr other crops lost include jowar, bajra, tur ( Arhar ) and prolonged droughts are.! Produced in the beginning of the tropical or subtropical region, maize,,... Maize and barley, and is now cultivated widely in tropical and subtropical regions in Maharashtra Karnataka! Slowly advance towards north India seeds of the kharif crops grown in India paddy... The furrows elsewhere in India Pests of jowar Peninsular India are well for! Farmers who use to grow 61–68 °F ) during the monsoon season spring harvest ( known! You, with a single vision to liberate knowledge 4 to 5 months for maturity the. Panicle residues and chaff left after threshing but temperature condition below 16°C harmful... Jowar and groundnuts are common kharif crops and to end in October the last three productivity! Sorghum harvesters are used is mainly a kharif crop, suitable for multi-cropping OctNov ), it be. Taken up with much enthusiasm in Nanded and Pune districts of Maharashtra and Bidar district of Karnataka of to. Reason kharif season crop in north it is grown and harvested by September or October half... Vary in the case of light soils split application but in Southern India the crop is grown as a crop. Popular crop of the tropical or subtropical region is now cultivated widely in tropical and subtropical regions which starts from. Or cutting of earheads by sickles are employed a Spacing of 40-45 cm between the rows 15-20! Of drought irrigation 35 days after sowing is preferred 36-38 per cent of the following is short-term!

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