p. 55. His Christian hospitality appears to have been something uncommon. This is implied in 1 Corinthians 1:26, “Not many wise men, not many mighty, not many noble, are called,” implying that there were some such. Common Roman name. For another, but forced explanation, see Otto, Pastoralbr. 2. it is said, "in the synagogues they neither eat nor drink--but there is a place near the synagogue where travellers used to sleep and eat;'. It would appear that this Gaius was one of only two persons whom Paul baptized with his own hand (cf. ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Γάϊος ὁ ξένος μου καὶ τῆς ἐκκλησίας ὅλης. 16:23 Gaius my host, and of the whole church, saluteth you. Many scholars think that the influence of various amanuenses may explain the differences in Greek style among the Pauline letters, rendering it difficult, if not impossible, to draw conclusions about authorship based on such criteria." Then I noticed that the NIV omits verse 24 as well (putting it on the margin). A person, or persons, bearing this name were mentioned in Acts 19:22,2 Timothy 4:20; but there is no certainty, either that those references are to the same person, or that either of them refers to the treasurer of Corinth. Romans 16:23. γάϊος, Gaius) a Corinthian, 1 Corinthians 1:14.— ὅλης, of the whole) For very many used to resort to Paul. 23. Paul lodged with Caius, as during his first sojourn in Corinth with Aquila, and then with Justus (Acts 18:1-7). ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 16:23 Greek NT: Stephanus Textus Receptus 1550ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Γάϊος ὁ ξένος μου καὶ τῆς ἐκκλησίας ὅλης ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Ἔραστος ὁ οἰκονόμος τῆς πόλεως καὶ Κούαρτος ὁ ἀδελφός, Romans 16:23 Hebrew Bibleגיוס המארח אותי ואת כל הקהלה שאל לשלומכם ארסטוס סכן העיר וקורטוס אחינו שאלים לשלומכם׃, Romans 16:23 Aramaic NT: Peshittaܫܐܠ ܒܫܠܡܟܘܢ ܓܐܝܘܤ ܡܩܒܠܢܝ ܘܕܟܠܗ ܥܕܬܐ ܫܐܠ ܒܫܠܡܟܘܢ ܐܪܤܛܘܤ ܪܒܝܬܐ ܕܡܕܝܢܬܐ ܘܩܘܐܪܛܘܤ ܐܚܐ ܀. must have had some special connection with Rome. Were ἀδελφός a brother according to the flesh, namely of Erastus, Paul would have added αὐτοῦ (comp. And elsewhereF3Gloss. (23) Gaius.—Three persons of this name are mentioned, Gains of Corinth (1 Corinthians 1:14), Gains, a Macedonian (Acts 19:29), and Gaius of Derbe in Lycaonia (Acts 20:4). So κτίσις can be understood to mean that which was was created. Romans 8:28 - And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to [his] purpose. Romans 1:16–23 The Righteous Shall Live by Faith. Gaius mine host, and of the whole church, saluteth you. Romans 16 is the sixteenth (and the last) chapter of the Epistle to the Romans in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.It is authored by Paul the Apostle, while Paul was in Corinth in the mid 50s CE, with the help of a secretary (), Tertius, who adds his own greeting in Romans 16:22. ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 16:23 Greek NT: Greek Orthodox Churchἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Γάϊος ὁ ξένος μου καὶ τῆς ἐκκλησίας ὅλης. Comp. The chamberlain; treasurer of Corinth, the city from which Paul wrote this epistle. Vv. Quartus; this is no word of number, but it was his name: we had Tertius in the foregoing verse; and we read of Secundus, Acts 20:4. ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Ἔραστος ὁ οἰκονόμος τῆς πόλεως καὶ Κούαρτος ὁ ἀδελφός. The less are we, with Lucht, to discover an error in Acts 19:22 and 2 Timothy 4:20. ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Γάϊος ὁ ξένος μου καὶ τῆς ἐκκλησίας ὅλης ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Ἔραστος ὁ οἰκονόμος τῆς πόλεως καὶ Κούαρτος ὁ ἀδελφός, גיוס המארח אותי ואת כל הקהלה שאל לשלומכם ארסטוס סכן העיר וקורטוס אחינו שאלים לשלומכם׃, ܫܐܠ ܒܫܠܡܟܘܢ ܓܐܝܘܤ ܡܩܒܠܢܝ ܘܕܟܠܗ ܥܕܬܐ ܫܐܠ ܒܫܠܡܟܘܢ ܐܪܤܛܘܤ ܪܒܝܬܐ ܕܡܕܝܢܬܐ ܘܩܘܐܪܛܘܤ ܐܚܐ ܀, ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 16:23 Greek NT: Nestle 1904, ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 16:23 Greek NT: Westcott and Hort 1881, ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 16:23 Greek NT: Westcott and Hort / [NA27 and UBS4 variants], ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 16:23 Greek NT: RP Byzantine Majority Text 2005, ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 16:23 Greek NT: Greek Orthodox Church, ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 16:23 Greek NT: Tischendorf 8th Edition, ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 16:23 Greek NT: Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894, ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 16:23 Greek NT: Stephanus Textus Receptus 1550. (Gr. It may at first sight appear superfluous to designate this person by a characteristic belonging to all Christians. III. — The Apostle having no peculiar distinction to notice in this person, calls him a brother. This man, as appears from his name, was a Roman; probably had before lived at Rome, and therefore sends his salutations to the Christians there: he is mentioned among the seventy disciples, and said to be bishop of Berytus; See Gill on Luke 10:1. of the whole church — (See Acts 20:4). Gaius. While Christianity does not destroy the different orders in society, all Christians are brethren, and recognize each other as such, though of different nations and of different ranks. The Apostle designates him as chamberlain, which might correspond in a good measure to treasurer. So Abigail is called the wife of Nabal, 2 Samuel 3:3, because she formerly stood in that relation to him. NET ©: Gaius, who is host to me and to the whole church, greets you. Erastus was the treasurer of the city of Corinth, being therefore a man of consequence and power in that metropolis. However, the traditional close of Rom. Rom 16:23 - Gaius, whose hospitality I and the whole church here enjoy, sends you his greetings. 16 Greet one another with a holy kiss. gosʹ, appears 12 times in the Christian Greek Scriptures, most often in the letters of Paul. It is saidF2T. But whether there was such an house at Corinth near the place of public worship, or any where else for this purpose, is not certain; and to make Gains only an overseer over such an house, though a faithful one, greatly sinks his character; since one would conclude from hence, that his entertainment of the apostle, and other saints, was at his own expense. 3 John). Histories also speak of the name of Quintus, and Sextus, &c. Гаий Один из обращенных Павлом в Коринфе (ср. For some further account of Gaius, see 1 Corinthians 1:14. But there attaches to the term ξένος, host, rather the idea of welcome given to strangers. And of the whole church - Who has opened his house to entertain “all” Christians; or to show hospitality to them all. 10-14-2001. Rost. ἔραστος] Different from the one mentioned in Acts 19:22 and 2 Timothy 4:20; for the person sending greeting here was not, like Timothy, a travelling assistant of the apostle, but administrator of the city-chest, city-chamberlain in Corinth (arcarius civitatis, see Wetstein); unless we should assume—for which, however, no necessity presents itself—that he had given up his civic position and is here designated according to his former office (Pelagius, Estius, Calovius, Klee, and others, comp. A brother—The last and simplest title, perhaps meekly dictated by the owner. "treasurer of the city"-i.e. The notice of the office of Erastus, although in itself it may appear trifling, is in reality of great importance. Ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Ἔραστος ὁ οἰκονόμος τῆς πόλεως, καὶ Κούαρτος ὁ ἀδελφός. Quartus a brother. The Epistle to the Romans or Letter to the Romans, often shortened to Romans, is the sixth book in the New Testament.Biblical scholars agree that it was composed by Paul the Apostle to explain that salvation is offered through the gospel of Jesus Christ.It is the longest of the Pauline epistles. We cannot be sure that this is the Erastus of Acts 19:22, 2 Timothy 4:20: the latter seems to have been at Paul’s disposal in connection with his work. Romans 16:15); hence it is to be understood in the sense of Christian brotherhood, and to be assumed that the relations of this Quartus suggested to the apostle no more precise predicate, and were well known to the readers. ', Upon which his commentator remarksF5Maggid. Ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Ἔραστος ὁ οἰκονόμος τῆς πόλεως, καὶ Κούαρτος ὁ ἀδελφός. Romans 16:23New King James Version (NKJV) 23 Gaius, my host and the hostof the whole church, greets you. Written to the Romans, &c. Many of the Epistles have notes of this sort appended to them, evidently by a later hand, as of course they could not have originally formed a part of the Epistle. 23 Gaius, whose hospitality I and the whole church here enjoy, sends you his greetings. See on Luke 16:1. The benediction repeated; see above on Romans 16:20. ], Romans 16:23. γάϊος] Perhaps the same who is mentioned in 1 Corinthians 1:14; it may at the same time be assumed, that the person mentioned in Acts 20:4 (not also he who appears in Acts 19:29) is not a different one, against which the circumstance that he was of Derbe is no proof. Pesachim, fol. The name, a Greek one, occurs: Acts 19:22. chamberlain = treasurer. (See Acts 19:22; 2 Timothy 4:20). There was one of this name whom Paul baptized at Corinth, 1 Corinthians 1:14; and there was another Gaius, to whom St. John wrote his Third Epistle: whether any of those were the same, or whether they were all different persons, is uncertain. See note on Luke 12:42 and note on Luke 16:1. Greek nouns ending in -ις often reflect the outcome of the related root verb. ◄ Romans 16:23 ► Gaius my host, and of the whole church, salutes you. For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith for faith, as it is written, “The righteous shall live by faith.” NIV ©: Gaius, whose hospitality I and … The pavement belongs to the first century A.D., and may well have been laid by Paul"s friend." 3. Even lawful acts may on occasion cause other brethren to stumble or be made weak. Paul calls him at once his host and that of the whole church. 1 Corinthians 1:26 ff. The name Erastus was very frequent. Aquila: This faithful Christian husband and his loyal wife, Priscilla (also called Prisca), are described as being “fellow workers” with Paul. Or, as the Vulgate renders, arcarius civitatis, 'the treasurer (or steward, [oikonomos,]) of the city;' he to whom the receipt and expenditure of the public money were entrusted. Распространенное имя во времена Нового Завета, означавшее, возможно, другого человека, нежели упоминаемого в Деян. Romans 14:20-23. Erastus the city treasurer and our brother Quartus greet you. Gaius. , that, "they do not eat in the synagogue at all, but they eat, בבית הסמוך לבית הכנסת, "in a house near the synagogue", where they sit at the time of hearing the sanctification.'. Erastus the chamberlain of the city - Treasurer of the city of Corinth, from which St. Paul wrote this epistle. The city was Corinth, from whence the apostle wrote this Epistle. Romans Images and Notes. καὶ τῆς ἐκκλ. (McGuiggan p. 445) (1 Corinthians 1:26), Since Romans was written from Corinth, it is very likely that this Gaius is the one that Paul said he baptized (1 Corinthians 1:14) Three other persons with the same name are mentioned in the N.T. Gaius was distinguished for Christian hospitality. So Luke 7:42. His name signifies beloved, and is the same with David in Hebrew. Such persons were in very high credit; and if Erastus was at this time treasurer, it would appear that Christianity was then in considerable repute in Corinth. Misnah in ib. p. 218; Duncan, ed. Erastus, holding this office ( οἰκονόμος, the public treasurer, ὁ ἐπὶ τῆς δημοσίας τραπέζης, arcarius, Wetst., who quotes from inscriptions, νείλῳ οἰκονόμῳ ἀσίας,—Secundus, arkarius Reip. Whether this be a reference to the circumstance that Caius gave his house for the meetings of the church (Grotius), or to the fact that, while the apostle lodged with him, there were at the same time very numerous visits of persons belonging to the church of Corinth, whom Caius hospitably received,—a view which corresponds better to the thoughtfully chosen designation—in any case ξένος does not stand to τῆς ἐκκλ. (Acts 19:29; Acts 20:4; 3 John). See Luke 12:42. a brother = the brother (in Christ, Romans 16:7). Armerinorum), can hardly have been the same who was with the Apostle in Ephesus, Acts 19:22. Gaius and Erastus were respected men." Erastus might be the one mentioned in Acts 19:22: 2 Timothy 4:20. Introduction. provided much hospitality. We may know that all Christians are brethren, but it is nevertheless useful to be reminded of this, as we may be prone to act towards them in an unbrotherly manner. The last and simplest title, perhaps meekly dictated by the owner. The 3 John 1:1 was addressed to an individual of this name.--The chamberlain; the treasurer. 1Кор. Romans 16:23 "Gaius mine host, and of the whole church, saluteth you. He is here called not only the host ξενος, the entertainer of St. Paul, or Tertius, (if he wrote this and the following verse), but also of the whole Church: that is, he received and lodged the apostles who came from different places, as well as the messengers of the Churches. Xen. The Gaius of the Epistle would probably be identical with the first of these. Erastus - Erastus is mentioned Acts 19:22 as having been sent by Paul with Timothy into Macedonia. Bible in Basic English 16:23 Gaius, with whom I am living, whose house is open to all the church, sends his love, so does Erastus, the manager of … 200- Using the Greek 'R' (P) as a designation for the Latin 'P' for 'Piso' totaled 100 in Greek initial system and combined with 'C' for 'Calpernius' from the Latin system (100), equaled 200. He held an important office in the city where he lived. The name was a common one. Erastus—The chamberlain or treasurer of Corinth. Chrysostom thought that he still retained the employment. He has also an important rank on days of public solemnities, as the coronation day, etc. Erastus, who is the city’s director of public works, and our brother Quartus send you their greetings. But in such cases in most instances no word in one language can be found to correspond perfectly to that of another, because no two countries may have the same modification of offices. Probably here the administrator of the city lands. Gaius my host (Γαιος ο χενος μου — Gaios ho xenos mou). — This is another personage of distinction who sends his salutation to the brethren at Rome. Gaius mine host - Who has received me into his house, and shown me hospitality. Self-control provides the ability to resist what may cause pain to others. Romans 14:23, ESV: "But whoever has doubts is condemned if he eats, because the eating is not from faith.For whatever does not proceed from faith is sin." Indivi­duals may be treated according to other references in the Bible: Timothy, apostolic associate minister Romans 16:21 Gaius, host of the Church, Romans 16:23. ", Since Paul is in Corinth as he writes this, Gaius is probably the one mentioned in. Erastus, the city treasurer greets you, and Quartus, the brother. : Quartus, known to Paul only as a Christian, had perhaps some connection with Rome which entitled him to have his salutation inserted. (F.F. Since Paul is in Corinth as he writes this, Gaius is probably the one mentioned in 1 Corinthians 1:14. 18:7). But though it belongs to all Christians, yet it is not endlessly expressed. Romans 16:23. Two other Scriptures mention the same name (Acts 19:22; 2 Timothy 4:20). 23 Gaius mine host, and of the whole church, saluteth you. Gaius mine host, and (the host) of the whole church, saluteth you - (see Acts 20:4.) ap. He was baptized by Paul himself at Corinth 1 Corinthians 1:14; and was so highly esteemed by the church that John wrote an epistle to him; 3 John 1:1. Erastus the chamberlain of the city; or the receiver or steward of the city; one that had the management of the city’s stock or public treasure. Erastus the chamberlain of the city. This does not mean that he was the author of this letter. Bava Bathra, fol. The word translated "chamberlain", is often used for a steward; and here it signifies such an officer as had the care of the city chest or coffer, and distributed the public money; and seems to answer to the "quaestor urbanus", or city treasurer, among the Romans, whose business it was to receive the city accounts, and disburse at all occasions of public expenses; so that this was a place of honour and trust; hence it appears, that though not many, yet some rich and honourable were called by grace, and embraced the Gospel. To get what Romans 16:23 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity. . To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Erastus the chamberlain of the city saluteth you, "Erastus, commissioner for public works, laid this pavement at his own expense. Erastus, the city treasurer greets you, and Quartus, the brother. Theological FAQ Search [?] These last words might signify that when the church of Corinth held a full meeting (1 Corinthians 14:23), it was at the house of Gaius that these assemblies took place. ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Ἔραστος ὁ οἰκονόμος τῆς πόλεως καὶ Κούαρτος ὁ ἀδελφός. Quartus a brother; not of Tertius, nor of Erastus, nor of the apostle according to the flesh, as some have thought, but a brother in a spiritual relation. In this place it means one who presided over the pecuniary affairs of the “city,” and should have been translated “the treasurer; the city treasurer;” an once of trust and of some importance, showing that, “all” who were converted at Corinth were not of the lowest rank. Three other persons (apparently) of the same name are mentioned in Acts 19:29; Acts 20:4, and 3 John. Ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Γάϊος ὁ ξένος μου καὶ τῆς ἐκκλησίας ὅλης. Gains mine host. ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Ἔραστος ὁ οἰκονόμος τῆς πόλεως καὶ Κούαρτος ὁ ἀδελφός. Romans 16:23. σίας: As the Epistle to the Romans was written from Corinth this hospitable Christian is probably the same who is mentioned in 1 Corinthians 1:14. He was probably a wealthy citizen of Corinth, who freely opened his house to entertain Christians, and for the purpose of religious worship.

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